Glaucoma is characterized by damage to the optic nerve typically caused by a buildup of pressure inside the eye, called intraocular pressure. It is most common in adults but can present at any age. Glaucoma affects vision gradually over time but if left untreated can cause vision problems and eventually blindness. Because there are no clear symptoms of glaucoma, regular eye exams can help catch it before it becomes too advanced.
For most, there are usually no distinct symptoms to signify the onset of glaucoma. Once signs become present glaucoma is usually at an advanced stage and more difficult to treat. This is one reason you should have a complete eye exam with an eye specialist every one to two years. Depending on the stage of your condition, different signs can be present. Some of those signs include:
Treatment for glaucoma will depend on the stage of the disease and your current symptoms. Initially, treatment will focus on lowering the pressure in your eye. Treatments may include any of the following:
Speak to your eye doctor about treatments that would be the best option for your level of glaucoma.
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