When you have diabetes, you're more likely to develop eye problems than someone without it. Most people who have diabetes have nothing more than minor eye disorders. However, diabetes can affect the tiny blood vessels of your eye which put you at a higher risk for developing diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, or glaucoma. These conditions can lead to blurry vision and possible blindness.
Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults ages 20 to 74. People with diabetes are at a greater risk for three serious eye problems:
Medical treatment of diabetic eye disease is directed at the diabetes itself. The first step in any treatment for diabetic eye disease is to maintain blood glucose, blood pressure, and blood cholesterol levels as close to normal as possible. Treatment for the eye problems related to diabetes can include:
A thorough eye exam every year can help early detection of eye problems that could save your vision. Finding problems early makes them easier to treat.
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